Anogenital warts, human papillomavirus. Authoritative facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand. Genital warts are caused by a virus called the human papilloma virus (HPV). This virus can cause warts in different areas of the body. In women, genital warts occur on the vulva, cervix, in the vagina, and around the anus; in men they occur on the penis, in the urethra (the tube that connects the. Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a common virus affecting both males and females. Up to 80% of people will be infected with at least one genital type of HPV at some time in their lives. 1 Anyone who has had any kind of sexual activity involving genital contact could get genital HPV.